The Second World War was a watershed in world military history. It was in real terms a global war and new concepts in warfare saw the light of the day. As an example Field Marshal Montgomery added adminstration as a principle of war. This was in addition to the principles of war as enunciated by Clausewitz. One concept that had a profound effect on military thinking was the concept of Blitzkreig. This was a German concept and perfected by the Wehermacht during the Polish campaign launched in 1939. Blitzkreig meant a lightning war: a war launched with use of airpowerand intense bombardment to overcome the enemy. The German army used this concept to good advantage. In this they integrated the Luftewaffe with dive bombers for tactical support. The purpose was to overawe the enemy. The tactics of
Blitzkreig were a tremendous success. The initial part of the Russian campaign when 3 German armies advanced deep into Russia is a tribute to this concept. The success of the Battle of France, which was over in 40 days is another example of the success of this tactic. The theory of Blizkreig was a product of the German general staff, the OKW. A number of German generals including Rommel, Von Manstein, Model and Hitler himself discussed in detail these tactics in their war confercences. Hitler must take some credit for this lightning war as he was the final approving authority. The tactics of blitzkreig of integrated air attacks with heavy artillery bombardment with a coup de mains with Panzers was a new concept and stood the German army in good stead. It is another matter that they lost the war.